Reasons[ edit ] Vietnam War protesters in Wichita, Kansas, The draft, a system of conscription that mainly drew from minorities and lower and middle class whites, drove much of the protest after
US involvement in Vietnam John F. Kennedy briefs the press about the situation in Vietnam, American involvement in Vietnam began during World War II, increased in the s and reached its peak in the late s.
The Viet Minh was formed the same year, as an underground movement to resist both the French and Japanese. These agents formed a working alliance with Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh, who assisted with safeguarding and repatriating American pilots downed over Vietnamese territory.
It was an arrangement based on wartime expedience rather than political similarities. The Viet Minh leader hoped to demonstrate that his own political values were not far removed from those of the US.
AfterAmerican involvement in Vietnam was driven and shaped by the Cold War. American foreign policy was largely shaped by the Truman Doctrinewhich held that communism must be contained and that governments susceptible to communist infiltration and takeover must be assisted.
If this did not occur then communism would expand its global reach, jumping from one nation to its neighbours the Domino Theory. This particularly relevant to Asia, where national governments were weaker and borders were poorly controlled; Asian nations, therefore, had a lower capacity for resisting communist infiltration and invasion.
Having spread from China to North Korea, American planners believed that communism would continue its movement further south to nations like Vietnam, LaosCambodiaThailand, Burma, Malaya and Indonesia.
If these countries fell then communists would rule more than one-quarter of the globe: And many of you ask this question: Why is the United States spending hundreds of millions of dollars supporting the forces of the French Union in the fight against communism in Indochina?
If Indochina falls, Thailand is put in an almost impossible position. The same is true of Malaya, with its rubber and tin. The same is true of Indonesia. If this whole part of south-east Asia goes under communist domination or communist influence, Japan, who trade and must trade with this area in order to exist, must inevitably be oriented towards the communist regime.
That indicates to you and to all of us why it is vitally important that Indochina not go behind the Iron Curtain.
Truman, US president from to January From the United States, determined to halt the growth of communism in Asia, backed the return of the French in Vietnam. This was not universally popular with Americans, many of whom despised colonialism and believed that Asian nations should be free to govern themselves.
But in Washington, the revival of French colonialism in Indochina was seen a lesser evil than communist-ruled Vietnam. France, after all, was a democratic capitalist state and an important Cold War ally.
The Viet Minh, on the other hand, could not be trusted. The movement was riddled with communists and both its motives and political loyalties were unclear.
He mouthed the slogans of a nationalist but Washington considered him a communist.
American administrators also turned a blind eye when Paris diverted some Marshall Plan funds to supply the war in Indochina. French forces in Vietnam were using ships and aircraft on loan from the US.
American delegates attended the Geneva conference of April-Julyhowever, they did not sign the final agreement.
Washington by then had decided to back a nationalist, democratic state in southern Vietnam. With American aid and support, South Vietnam would provide a buffer against communists further north. The Geneva Accords arranged for a two-year division of Vietnam until elections and reunification in ; the Americans wanted this temporary division to become permanent.
Washington searched for an indigenous Vietnamese leader with pro-Western, anti-communist values to take charge in South Vietnam.
They found a candidate in Ngo Dinh Diema minor political figure who had been living in North America since American politicians and policymakers took a shine to Diem; he seemed exactly the person needed to lead South Vietnam and transform it into a bulwark against communism.
Diem was provided with massive American support: Each step of the way, for more than 20 years, policy-makers debated options, considered alternatives, and ultimately chose deeper involvement.
By mid, a series of incremental steps led to US ground troops facing combat in Vietnam. By the war had become a quagmire with no clear road to victory. Only inafter laying waste to Vietnam and suffering massive casualties, would the United States ingloriously pull out the last of its troops.
Ngo Dinh Diem becoming a credible and effective leader, and North Vietnam accepting the north-south division of Vietnam. By the end of the s, it was clear that neither had occurred. South Vietnam was largely a failed state, ruled by brutal nepotists and propped up by American aid. The South Vietnamese military had grown and developed considerably but was still incapable of defending the new nation.American involvement in Vietnam began during World War II, increased in the s and reached its peak in the late s.
The United States’ interest in Asia escalated in late , after Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbour and Washington responded by declaring war on Japan. The Viet Minh was. May 31, · Finally, in January , representatives of the United States, North and South Vietnam, and the Vietcong signed a peace agreement in Paris, ending the direct U.S.
military involvement in the. Oct 29, · The Vietnam War and active U.S. involvement in the war began in , though ongoing conflict in the region had stretched back several decades.
John F. Kennedy briefs the press about the situation in Vietnam, American involvement in Vietnam began during World War II, increased in the s and reached its peak in the late s. The United States’ interest in Asia escalated in late , after Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbour and Washington responded by declaring war on Japan.
Oct 29, · Watch video · The Vietnam War and active U.S. involvement in the war began in , though ongoing conflict in the region had stretched back several decades.
Just prior to Saigon’s capture by North Vietnamese forces, the last remaining U.S. personnel are evacuated from Vietnam. Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated to .