History and development[ edit ] Cattell physical sciences background[ edit ] The 16PF Questionnaire was created from a fairly unusual perspective among personality tests. Most personality tests are developed to measure just the pre-conceived traits that are of interest to a particular theorist or researcher.
Sigmund Freud was the founder of this school. He broke the human personality down to three significant components: According to Freud, personality is shaped by the interactions of these three components.
Behaviorist theories Behaviorists explain personality in terms of reactions to external stimuli. This school of thought was initiated by B. According to these theories, people's behaviour is formed by processes such as operant conditioning. Cognitive and social-cognitive theories In cognitivismbehaviour is explained as guided by cognitions e.
Albert Banduraa social learning theorist suggested that the forces of memory and emotions worked in conjunction with environmental influences. Humanistic theories In humanistic psychologyit is emphasized that people have free will and that they play an active role in determining how they behave. Accordingly, humanistic psychology focuses on subjective experiences of persons instead of factors that determine behaviour.
Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers were proponents of this view. A typology of personality models Modern personality models may generally be broken into three types: Factorial models posit that there are dimensions along which human personality differs.
The main purpose of a personality model is thus to define the dimensions of personality. Factor analysis is a primary tool of theorists composing factorial models. Such models arise directly from a classical individual differences approach to the study of human personality. Goldberg's Big Five model may be the best-known example of this type of theory.
Typologies or type models arise naturally from some theories that posit types of people. For example, astrological signs represented a well-known, pre-scientific typological model. Typological models posit a relatively small number of modal types and possibly some interaction between the types.
Circumplex models may resemble factorial or type models but further specify a relationship between the different types or factors. Typically, some types or factors are more related than others and can be presented on a polygon.
Correlations of personality scores should resemble a simplex form where opposing types have low correlation and close types have a high correlation.Raymond B. Cattell William Revelle Northwestern University Raymond Cattell () was one of the most proliﬁc scholars in the ﬁelds of personality, intelligence and psychometrics in the twentieth century.
His more than 43 books and This is a free online meaure of Cattell's 16 personality factors. Introduction In his explorations of personality, British psychologist Raymond Cattell found that variations in human personality could be best explained by a model that has sixteen variables (personality traits), using a .
This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The digit and digit formats both work. Overview. The Big The big five personality traits are the best accepted and most commonly used model of personality in academic psychology.
The big five come from the statistical study of responses to personality items. Mar 20, · Raymond Cattell, the father of personality trait measurement, was one of the most influential psychologists in the twentieth century, with a professional career .
Feb 02, · Raymond B. Cattell: Raymond B. Cattell, British-born American psychologist, considered to be one of the world’s leading personality theorists. Cattell was educated at the University of London, receiving a B.S.
in and a Ph.D. in He taught at the University of Exeter (–32), after which he served as.