Helen and Anthony had many interesting observations about the process of learning to write, but both made the same basic point:
InJorge Luis Borges published " The Garden of Forking Paths ", a short story that is often considered an inspiration for the concept of hypertext. A Memex would hypothetically store - and record - content on reels of microfilm, using electric photocells to read coded symbols recorded next to individual microfilm frames while the reels spun at high speed, stopping on command.
The coded symbols would enable the Memex to index, search, and link content to create and follow associative trails. Because the Memex was never implemented and could only link content in a relatively crude fashion — by creating chains of entire microfilm frames — the Memex is now regarded only as a proto-hypertext device, but it is fundamental to the history of hypertext because it directly inspired the invention of hypertext by Ted Nelson and Douglas Engelbart.
Ted Nelson gives a presentation on Project Xanadua theoretical hypertext model conceived in the s whose first and incomplete implementation was first published in In December of that year, Engelbart demonstrated a 'hypertext' meaning editing interface to the public for the first time, in what has come to be known as " The Mother of All Demos ".
The first hypermedia application is generally considered to be the Aspen Movie Mapimplemented in The Movie Map allowed users to arbitrarily choose which way they wished to drive in a virtual cityscape, in two seasons from actual photographs as well as 3-D polygons.
The early s also saw a number of experimental "hyperediting" functions in word processors and hypermedia programs, many of whose features and terminology were later analogous to the World Wide Web. Guidethe first significant hypertext system for personal computerswas developed by Peter J. Brown at UKC in In Roberto Busa an Italian Jesuit priest and one of the pioneers in the usage of computers for linguistic and literary analysis,  published the Index Thomisticus, as a tool for performing text searches within the massive corpus of Aquinas 's works.
Watson the project lasted about 30 yearsand eventually produced the 56 printed volumes of the Index Thomisticus the first important hypertext[ verification needed ] work about Saint Thomas Aquinas books and of a few related authors.
Hyperties was used to create the July issue of the Communications of the ACM as a hypertext document and then the first commercial electronic book Hypertext Hands-On! Its impact, combined with interest in Peter J.
Brown 's GUIDE marketed by OWL and released earlier that year and Brown University's Intermedialed to broad interest in and enthusiasm for hypertext, hypermedia, databases, and new media in general.
The first ACM Hypertext hyperediting and databases academic conference took place in Novemberin Chapel Hill NC, where many other applications, including the branched literature writing software Storyspacewere also demonstrated.
The project continued at Autodesk for four years, but no product was released. InTim Berners-Lee, then a scientist at CERNproposed and later prototyped a new hypertext project in response to a request for a simple, immediate, information-sharing facility, to be used among physicists working at CERN and other academic institutions.
He called the project "WorldWideWeb". Potentially, HyperText provides a single user-interface to many large classes of stored information, such as reports, notes, data-bases, computer documentation and on-line systems help.
We propose the implementation of a simple scheme to incorporate several different servers of machine-stored information already available at CERN, including an analysis of the requirements for information access needs by experiments A program which provides access to the hypertext world we call a browser.
Its ability to provide hypertext links within documents that could reach into documents anywhere on the Internet began the creation of the Web on the Internet. As new web browsers were released, traffic on the World Wide Web quickly exploded from only known web servers in to over 10, in Electronic Document System — an early s text and graphic editor for interactive hypertexts such as equipment repair manuals and computer-aided instruction.
Intermedia — a mids program for group web-authoring and information sharing. Texinfo — the GNU help system. Storyspace — a mids program for hypertext narrative. Adobe's Portable Document Format — a widely used publication format for electronic documents.
Amigaguide — released on the Commodore Amiga Workbench Windows Help — released with Windows 3. Wikis — aim to compensate for the lack of integrated editors in most Web browsers. Various wiki software have slightly different conventions for formatting, usually simpler than HTML.
PaperKiller — a document editor specifically designed for hypertext. Academic conferences[ edit ] Among the top academic conferences for new research in hypertext is the annual ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia. There is a list on the Web with links to all conferences in the series.
Hypertext fiction Hypertext writing has developed its own style of fiction, coinciding with the growth and proliferation of hypertext development software and the emergence of electronic networks. Two software programs specifically designed for literary hypertext, Storyspace and Intermedia became available in the s.
On the other hand, concerning the Italian production, the hypertext std by Filippo Rossowas intended to lead the reader with the help of a three-dimensional map in a web page interface, and was written in HTML and PHP. An advantage of writing a narrative using hypertext technology is that the meaning of the story can be conveyed through a sense of spatiality and perspective that is arguably unique to digitally networked environments.
An author's creative use of nodes, the self-contained units of meaning in a hypertextual narrative, can play with the reader's orientation and add meaning to the text.
One of the most successful computer games, Mystwas first written in Hypercard.Definition of meta-text - A text lying outside another text, especially one describing or elucidating another. Definition of meta-text in English: meta-text.
noun. A text lying outside another text, especially one describing or elucidating another. Top tips for CV writing. In this article we explore how to impress employers with a spot.
Translation, Self-Translation, Retranslation: exploring Vilém Flusser’s multilingual writing-practice „Pour moi c’est ça le geste d’écrire: faire des palimpsestes.“ Vilém Flusser, Le geste d’écrire 1.
And more so because I was/am part of an English speaking graduate programme but am writing my PhD in German (as its on German literature and the programme is actually situated at a German university) but wow.
The style of academic writing are so very different. German academic writing tends to be a lot more formal, like a LOT more formal.
Home B2B Search Marketing Tools & Articles Google Meta Title & Description Length Preview Tool Measures in Pixels. Use this free Google SERP snippet optimization tool as a guide when creating your Title and Meta descriptions.
Great article on writing Meta Description Tags. When we talk about metatext we mean writing that talks about writing. In English courses, we even get very specific with metatext and talk about metafiction and metapoetics—this just means fiction that talks about fiction, or poetry that talks about poetry.
Definition of meta-text in US English - A text lying outside another text, especially one describing or elucidating another. Please check your email and confirm your subscription.
Top tips for CV writing. In this article we explore how to impress employers with a spot-on CV. Read more. Archaic words.