For the purposes of ORS
Biography[ edit ] Robert studied psychology and obtained a Master of Advanced Studies in psycholinguistics. After starting a fanzine Santiag in Lorraine inhe joined the editorial staff of the monthly magazine Actuelwhere he worked for a year.
He resigned in in order to focus on his own writing work. But the general public only got acquainted with him in early with his essay Pendant les affaires, les affaires continuent.
It was followed by a dozen novels and by as many essays on investigations of the multinational finance company Clearstream. He was also the writer of successful novels: Le bonheuran erotic book written in and translated into 14 languages; Une ville, published inwhich was adapted as a TV series; and La domination du mode, which appeared in In latein collaboration with a painter friend, Robert published an art book, Dominations: In he published Dunk, a social science fiction novel.
He met Ernest Backesone of the founding managers of this international clearing house. Robert led the investigation for two years. Robert held Cedel International now known as Clearstream responsible for being one of the major platforms for concealing financial transactions on a worldwide scale.
Business journalists were either in disbelief or hostile to it, while some others were just unsure, perhaps because Clearstream was threatening them with endless lawsuits.
The movie gained success among the alter-globalization movement. The parliamentary commission on money launderingchaired by Vincent Peillon and Arnaud Montebourgtook up the revelations  and summoned witnesses, all of whom confirmed what the author had written.
Under pressure, a judicial inquiry was opened in Luxembourg. As months went by, the actions failed at first instance one after another; the plaintiffs systematically lodged appeals, which were dismissed; they then lodged appeals to the Court of Cassation, which were also dismissed.
Five years later, only two pending proceedings were left, both on appeal: On 11 JuneRobert decided to stop publishing about Clearstream, being under too much pressure.
However, the same chamber had dismissed Clearstream's complaint about La Boite Noire in October Both Clearstream and Robert appealed against the decisions which did not turn out in their favour.
The writer appealed against the sentence, saying that the interview in VSD had been truncated. Furthermore, he won every lawsuit filed by Clearstream about his interviews or published and broadcast articles by France 2Le PointLe Nouvel Observateur and other various websites.
Court of Cassation[ edit ] Alleging that the decisions violated the European Convention on Human RightsClearstream lodged an appeal with the Court of Cassationclaiming that Clearstream's rights were being abused in being forbidden from taking legal action.
The Luxembourg company claimed that it was impossible for them to be represented by a natural person in this legal process in France, as they were bound by Luxembourg law to be chaired by a board of directors of a collegial nature.
He assessed that Clearstream could have used the civil procedure, in which it is not mandatory to be represented by a natural person.
At last, in FebruaryRobert won these three cases in Court of Cassationwhich highlighted the seriousness of the investigation, freedom of expression and the public interest.
Those supporting Robert emphasized that the same complaints against BGL had already been dismissed in France on two occasions. Robert and also Florian Bourges ex-auditor of Arthur Andersonwho had used the Clearstream files and provided them to Robert.
La Boite Noire were sued by Clearstream lawyer: Robert was facing a prison sentence and a fine that can be very high in Luxembourg, in addition to lawyers ' fees.
Several support petitions were opened.The book examines the wartime publishing structures which facilitated literary exchanges across national borders, the strategies adopted by translators of war fiction, the relationships between translated war fiction and dominant national memories of the war, and questions of multilingualism in war writing.
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