Introduction The goal of Indian education from the s through the s was to assimilate Indian people into the melting pot of America by placing them in institutions where traditional ways could be replaced by those sanctioned by the government. Federal Indian policy called for the removal of children from their families and in many cases enrollment in a government run boarding school. In this way, the policy makers believed, young people would be immersed in the values and practical knowledge of the dominant American society while also being kept away from any influences imparted by their traditionally-minded relatives. Indian Boarding School Movement The Indian boarding school movement began in the post Civil War era when idealistic reformers turned their attention to the plight of Indian people.
Cognitivism, most notably Gestalt theoryspeaks of learning as making sense of the relationship between what is old and what is new. Similarly, Constructivist theory states that "knowledge is not passively received from the world or from authoritative sources but constructed by individuals or groups making sense of their experiential worlds".
Learning economy[ edit ] Lifelong learning is being recognized by traditional colleges and universities as valid in addition to degree attainment. Some learning is accomplished in segments or interest categories and can still be valuable to the individual and community.
The economic impact of educational institutions at all levels Learning communities essay remain significant as individuals continue formal studies and pursue interest-based subjects. Institutions produce educated citizens who buy goods and services in the community and the education facilities and personnel generate economic activity during the operations and institutional activities.
Similar to health facilities, educational institutions are among the top employers in many cities and towns of the world.
Whether brick-and-mortar or distance education institutions, there is a great economic impact worldwide from learning, including lifelong learning, for all age groups. The lifelong learners, including persons with academic or professional credentials, tend to find higher-paying occupations, leaving monetary, cultural, and entrepreneurial impressions on communities, according to educator Cassandra B.
Home schooling involves learning to learn or the development of informal learning patterns Adult education or the acquisition of formal qualifications or work and leisure skills later in life Continuing education which often describes extension or not-for-credit courses offered by higher education institutions Knowledge workwhich includes professional development and on-the-job training Personal learning environments or self-directed learning using a range of sources and tools including online applications E-learning is available at most colleges and universities or to individuals learning independently.
There are even online courses being offered for free by many institutions.
One new and beyond expression of lifelong learning is the massive open online course a MOOCin which a teacher or team offers a syllabus and some direction for the participation of hundreds, sometimes thousands, of learners. Most MOOCs do not offer typical "credit" for courses taken, which is why they are interesting and useful examples of lifelong learning.
It is sought out naturally through life experiences as the learner seeks to gain knowledge for professional or personal reasons. The concept of lifelong learning has become of vital importance with the emergence of new technologies that change how we receive and gather information, collaborate with others, and communicate.
Assistive technology[ edit ] As technology rapidly changes, individuals must adapt and learn to meet everyday demands. However, throughout life, an individual's functional capacities may also change.
Assistive technologies are also important considerations under the umbrella of emerging technology and lifelong learning. Access to informal and formal learning opportunities for individuals with disabilities may be dependent upon low and high tech assistive technology.
To thrive, organizations and individuals must be able to adjust, and enhance their knowledge and skills to meet evolving needs. This means the most important thing someone can learn is how to learn.
Workplace learning[ edit ] Professions typically recognize the importance of developing practitioners becoming lifelong learners. Nowadays, formal training is only a beginning. Knowledge accumulates at such a fast rate that one must continue to learn to be effective Williams, Many licensed professions mandate that their members continue learning to maintain a license.
Reflective learning and critical thinking can help a learner to become more self-reliant through learning how to learn, thus making them better able to direct, manage, and control their own learning process Candy, Again, learners who are better equipped to create learning strategies for themselves will have more success in achieving their cognitive goals.
Metacognition is an essential first step in developing lifelong learning. Delors Report and the four pillars of learning[ edit ] Main article: Delors Report The Delors Report  proposed an integrated vision of education based on two key paradigms: The report proposed a holistic conceptual framework of learning, that of the 'four pillars of learning'.
It stressed the need to think of learning over the life course, and to address how everyone can develop relevant skills, knowledge and attitudes for work, citizenship and personal fulfillment. Learning to know Learning to be Learning to live together It is important to note that the four pillars of learning were envisaged against the backdrop of the notion of 'lifelong learning', itself an adaptation of the concept of 'lifelong education' as initially conceptualized in the Faure publication Learning to Be.
Please improve this section by adding secondary or tertiary sources. August Learn how and when to remove this template message In India and elsewhere, the " University of the Third Age " U3A provides an example of the almost spontaneous emergence of autonomous learning groups accessing the expertise of their own members in the pursuit of knowledge and shared experience.
No prior qualifications and no subsequent certificates feature in this approach to learning for its own sake and, as participants testify, engagement in this type of learning in later life can indeed 'prolong active life'.
In Sweden the successful concept of study circlesan idea launched almost a century ago, still represents a large portion of the adult education provision. The concept has since spread, and for instance, is a common practice in Finland as well.
A study circle is one of the most democratic forms of a learning environment that has been created. There are no teachers and the group decides on what content will be covered, scope will be used, as well as a delivery method.
Sometimes lifelong learning aims to provide educational opportunities outside standard educational systems—which can be cost-prohibitive, if available at all.
On the other hand, formal administrative units devoted to this discipline exist in a number of universities. For example, the 'Academy of Lifelong Learning' is an administrative unit within the University-wide 'Professional and Continuing Studies' unit at the University of Delaware.
Most colleges and universities in the United States encourage lifelong learning to non-traditional students.Free learning community papers, essays, and research papers.
Lifelong learning is the "ongoing, voluntary, and self-motivated" pursuit of knowledge for either personal or professional reasons. Therefore, it not only enhances social inclusion, active citizenship, and personal development, but also self-sustainability, as well as competitiveness and employability.
Evolved from the term "life-long learners", created by Leslie Watkins and used by Professor. PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION AND LIFELONG LEARNING. NJCU’s Division of Professional Education and Lifelong Learning (PELL) provides a diverse population with an excellent education by offering non-credit programs that offer a credential, customized professional development training, personal interest classes for adults, youth classes, workforce development programs and The New Pathways to .
What's a Living–Learning Community? At Florida State, a Living–Learning Community (LLC) is a small group of students who live together, share an interest, and take one or two of their classes together — usually in a small classroom inside their residence hall.
Essay on Learning Communities and Motivations Words | 4 Pages. Learning communities and Student Motivations A learning community is a setting in which individuals within the community have the same goals, common relationships, and show concern for one and other.
The IELTS writing task 2 sample answer below has examiner comments and is band score 9. The topic of social media is common and this IELTS essay question was reported in the IELTS test.