Review Daniel Brame The Best Linux VPNs of Linux has always been a minority player among desktop operating systems, mainly because it's not as easy to use, though it is more customizable and secure.
Personal Point of Impact: Is sharing music on peer-to-peer networks really piracy? Prior to the Napster decision in Februarywhich held that users who swapped music files via peer-to-peer technology were copyright infringers, it was possible to argue that people who were doing file sharing on a noncommercial basis were engaged, at least many of them, in fair uses.
If that was true, then one could make the argument that these peer-to-peer file-sharing technologies had substantial noninfringing uses. So you have to say a lot of people who are doing file sharing are engaged in copyright infringement.
How much damage is this kind of infringement doing? What kinds of things are copyright owners doing to fight file sharing? Copyright owners right now are using phony files, decoys, and other chaff to try to frustrate the experience on peer-to-peer networks, where users share files.
However, use of such chaff in the network seems not to be working very well. So the copyright industries want Congress to do something to help them step up the attack on file sharing.
How would it help copyright owners? The bill would essentially provide immunity to copyright owners who disable, interfere with, block, divert, or otherwise impair some acts of copyright infringement that are happening via publicly accessible peer-to-peer file-trading networks.
How would they do that? That person makes a tempting target for a recording-industry attack.
It may be possible to engage in a kind of denial-of-service attack by bombarding the supernode with messages so that it has to go down. Or it may be possible to tie up the node with slow-motion downloading and block out other users.
The CFAA has quite a lot of open-ended provisions. And the analogy holds when you talk about computers. The target of the attack may have a considerable amount of information on his or her computer other than some infringing files.
You think the Berman bill overreaches? So what alternatives are there if we want to protect both copyrights and individual rights? If the goal is compensation to artists, then it may be time, especially in view of how widespread file sharing is, to start thinking seriously about some sort of licensing scheme so that noncommercial file sharing, for example, could be made profitable for copyright owners.
But it would be necessary to impose some sort of tax. This would get copyright holders some money and would stop the punitive war that has been going on, which is going to be really tough for the industry to win. How would such a tax work?
People who engage in file sharing usually want broadband Internet access, so Congress could put a tax on the bandwidth access and then distribute that money to copyright owners based on some sampling done about file sharing that estimates how the money should be distributed.
Or it could tax hard drives, CD burners, or file-sharing software. Online Extra Technology Review: Would technological self-help just start an arms race between peer-to-peer programmers and the copyright holders? These people feel justified in building stronger attacks because the recording industry is doing stronger attacks.
So why do you think the copyright holders have rejected the licensing route? One of the things to really understand here is that, especially in respect of both the recording industry and the broadcast industry, there have been quite a lot of compulsory licenses.
One of the things to realize is that when the recording industry first got started, they got sued for copyright infringement too. This is actually worth knowing. The first sound recordings of music in a mechanical device were actually piano rolls.
And there was a lawsuit brought by people who were publishers of music for copyright infringement against makers of piano rolls because the people who were making piano rolls were not paying them any royalties. The case went to the U.Search and browse our historical collection to find news, notices of births, marriages and deaths, sports, comics, and much more.
Box and Cox () developed the transformation. Estimation of any Box-Cox parameters is by maximum likelihood. Box and Cox () offered an example in which the data had the form of survival times but the underlying biological structure was of hazard rates, and the transformation identified this. On September 8, , the recording industry sued American music fans for sharing songs on peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing networks, kicking off an unprecedented legal campaign against the people that should be the recording industry’s best customers: music fans.1 Five years later, the recording industry has filed, settled, or threatened.
"It's a gray area," if it applies, means that the conduct you are evaluating is ethical, so long as you stay in the gray area. False "I was just following orders," is a defense in law and a test for ethical behavior.
ASQ Auditing Handbook _4th leslutinsduphoenix.com - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. In November , the U.S.
House of Representatives introduced the Secure Federal File Sharing Act, which would, if enacted, prohibit the use of peer-to-peer file-sharing software by U.S. government employees and contractors on computers used for federal government work.
The bill has died with the adjournment of th Congress.