Universal ethical principles Principled conscience The understanding gained in each stage is retained in later stages, but may be regarded by those in later stages as simplistic, lacking in sufficient attention to detail.
Kohlberg's work grew out of a lifelong commitment to address injustice. After graduating from high school at the end of World War IIhe volunteered as an engineer on a ship that was smuggling Jewish refugees from Europe to Palestine through the British blockade. He was captured, interred in Cyprusescaped, fled to a kibbutz in Palestine, and made his way back to the United States where he joined another crew transporting refugees.
A passionate reader of the Great Books throughout his life, Kohlberg completed his undergraduate degree from the University of Chicago in one year. In he received his doctoral degree in psychology after writing a dissertation on developmental changes in children's moral thinking. This dissertation, which evaluated children's responses to the fictional dilemma of an impoverished man who steals an expensive drug for his dying wife, became one of the most cited unpublished dissertations ever.
When Kohlberg began his graduate studies, American psychologists, who were for the most part behaviorists, did not even use the word moral. Kohlberg's broad intellectual pursuits, which embraced philosophy, sociology, and psychology, led him to challenge mainstream thinking.
In his dissertation and subsequent research, he drew on a moral philosophical tradition extending from Socrates to Kant that focused on the importance of moral reasoning and judgment. Although Kohlberg was heavily influneced by Jean Piaget 's research and played a major role in advancing Piaget's cognitive developmental paradigm in the United StatesJames Mark BaldwinJohn Deweyand George Herbert Mead also significantly affected Kohlberg's thinking.
Kohlberg's empirical research yielded an original and fecund description of moral development. In his dissertation, he presented a cross-section of children and adolescents with a set of moral dilemmas and asked them to justify their judgments with a series of probing questions.
Using an abductive "bootstrapping" method, he derived a sequence of moral types, which became the basis for his well-known six stages of moral judgment. Stages of Moral Judgment Kohlberg modified his descriptions of the stages and method for coding them from the time of his dissertation to the publication of the Standard Issue Scoring Manual in Stage one is characterized by blind obedience to rules and authority and a fear of punishment.
Stage two is characterized by seeking to pursue one's concrete interests, recognizing that others need to do the same, and a calculating instrumental approach to decision-making.
Stage three is characterized by trying to live up to the expectations of others for good behavior, by having good motives, and by fostering close relationships.
Stage four is characterized by a concern for maintaining the social system in order to promote social order and welfare. Stage five is characterized by judging the moral worth of societal rules and values insofar as they are consistent with fundamental values, such as liberty, the general welfare or utility, human rights, and contractual obligations.
Stage six is characterized by universal principles of justice and respect for human autonomy.Evaluate Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory in a 1, to 1,word leslutinsduphoenix.coms the following: Summarize Kohlberg’s theory of moral development.
Explain three contributions that Kohlberg made to our understanding of moral development. Evaluate Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory in a 1, to 1,word paper.
Address the following: · Summarize Kohlberg’s theory of moral development · Explain three contributions that Kohlberg made to our understanding of moral development. Explain three contributions that Kohlberg made to our understanding of moral development.
Explain three limitations of Kohlberg’s theory. Documents Similar To Psych Entire Coursee. Chapter 2. Uploaded by. MargieLynHizoleSalamat. The Hunger Games Trailer Analysis & Related Essay. Aug 10, · Lawrence Kohlberg, an American psychologist who pioneered the study of moral development in the s, posited that moral reasoning developed through three levels and six stages.
The three major contributions Kohlberg made to moral education were the use of Moral Exemplars, Dilemma Discussions, and Just Community Schools.  Kohlberg's first method of moral education was to examine the lives of moral exemplars who practiced principled morals such as Martin Luther King, Jr., Socrates, and Abraham Lincoln.
Kohlberg has made a number of contributions that promote an understanding of moral development. Kohlberg developed six developmental stages to help us to understand moral reasoning. Those six stages of development fall underneath Pre-conventional Morality i.e.
obedience and punishment and self-interest orientation which is the first (Barger, )%(5).