Napoleon was a great military leader and the emperor of France.
The ancestors of Napoleon descended from minor Italian nobility of Tuscan origin who had come to Corsica from Liguria in the 16th century. Napoleon was born there on 15 Augusttheir fourth child and third son. A boy and girl were born first but died in infancy.
Napoleon was baptised as a Catholic. The nationalist Corsican leader Pasquale Paoli ; portrait by Richard CoswayNapoleon was born the same year the Republic of Genoaa former commune of Italy transferred Corsica to France.
His father was an attorney who went on to be named Corsica's representative to the court of Louis XVI in The dominant influence of Napoleon's childhood was his mother, whose firm discipline restrained a rambunctious child. Napoleon's noble, moderately affluent background afforded him greater opportunities to study than were available to a typical Corsican of the time.
An examiner observed that Napoleon "has always been distinguished for his application in mathematics. He is fairly well acquainted with history and geography This boy would make an excellent sailor".
He trained to become an artillery officer and, when his father's death reduced his income, was forced to complete the two-year course in one year. At this time, he was a fervent Corsican nationalistand wrote to Corsican leader Pasquale Paoli in May"As the nation was perishing I was born.
Thirty thousand Frenchmen were vomited on to our shores, drowning the throne of liberty in waves of blood. Such was the odious sight which was the first to strike me". He was a supporter of the republican Jacobin movement, organising clubs in Corsica,  and was given command over a battalion of volunteers.
He was promoted to captain in the regular army in Julydespite exceeding his leave of absence and leading a riot against French troops. With the help of his fellow Corsican Antoine Christophe SalicetiBonaparte was appointed artillery commander of the republican forces at the Siege of Toulon.
The assault on the position led to the capture of the city, but during it Bonaparte was wounded in the thigh. He was promoted to brigadier general at the age of Catching the attention of the Committee of Public Safetyhe was put in charge of the artillery of France's Army of Italy.
He devised plans for attacking the Kingdom of Sardinia as part of France's campaign against the First Coalition. Augustin Robespierre and Saliceti were ready to listen to the freshly promoted artillery general.
From Ormea, they headed west to outflank the Austro-Sardinian positions around Saorge. After this campaign, Augustin Robespierre sent Bonaparte on a mission to the Republic of Genoa to determine that country's intentions towards France. According to Bourrienne, jealousy was responsible, between the Army of the Alps and the Army of Italy with whom Napoleon was seconded at the time.
He also took part in an expedition to take back Corsica from the British, but the French were repulsed by the British Royal Navy.
As an infantry command, it was a demotion from artillery general—for which the army already had a full quota—and he pleaded poor health to avoid the posting. He faced a difficult financial situation and reduced career prospects. Napoleon had seen the massacre of the King's Swiss Guard there three years earlier and realised that artillery would be the key to its defence.
Murat married one of Napoleon's sisters, becoming his brother-in-law; he also served under Napoleon as one of his generals. Bonaparte was promoted to Commander of the Interior and given command of the Army of Italy.
The couple married on 9 March in a civil ceremony. He immediately went on the offensive, hoping to defeat the forces of Piedmont before their Austrian allies could intervene.
In a series of rapid victories during the Montenotte Campaignhe knocked Piedmont out of the war in two weeks. The French then focused on the Austrians for the remainder of the war, the highlight of which became the protracted struggle for Mantua.
The Austrians launched a series of offensives against the French to break the siege, but Napoleon defeated every relief effort, scoring victories at the battles of CastiglioneBassanoArcoleand Rivoli.
The decisive French triumph at Rivoli in January led to the collapse of the Austrian position in Italy. At Rivoli, the Austrians lost up to 14, men while the French lost about 5, French forces in Southern Germany had been defeated by the Archduke Charles inbut the Archduke withdrew his forces to protect Vienna after learning about Napoleon's assault.
In the first encounter between the two commanders, Napoleon pushed back his opponent and advanced deep into Austrian territory after winning at the Battle of Tarvis in March Bonaparte marched on Venice and forced its surrender, ending 1, years of independence.Louis-Philippe: Biography of Louis-Philippe, king of the French from to His actions in the Affair of the Spanish Marriages led to a breach with liberal Britain and closer alliance with French conservatives.
His inability to win the allegiance of the new industrial classes led to his fall from power. Antoine-Jean, Gros, in full Antoine-Jean Baron Gros, (born March 16, , Paris, France—died June 26, , Paris), French Romantic painter principally remembered for his historical pictures depicting significant events in the military career of Napoleon..
Gros received his first art training from his father, who was a painter of miniatures. In he entered the studio of his father’s. Watch video · Napoleon Bonaparte, the first emperor of France, is regarded as one of the greatest military leaders in the history of the West.
Learn more at leslutinsduphoenix.com Napoleon Bonaparte was a military general who became the first emperor of France.
The French still cannot agree on whether Napoleon was a hero or a tyrant. In a opinion poll, French people were asked who was the most important man in .
The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts lasting from until and resulting from the French leslutinsduphoenix.com pitted the French Republic against Great Britain, Austria and several other monarchies.
They are divided in two periods: the War of the First Coalition (–97) and the War of the Second Coalition (–). Napoleon is considered a hero because he has inherited a very troubled social and political situation in post-Revolutionary France and managed to completely turn it around within a year of coming to power.